Gemological Cibiyar Cambodia

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Diamond na Fata

1 Hannun jari

The Diamond Diamond shine lu'u lu'u lu'u lu'u lu'u lu'u da ɗari biyar da biyar. Babban shuɗi mafi girma da aka taɓa ganowa har zuwa yau. Fata shine sunan dangin da suka mallake shi tun daga 1824. Itace daga lu'u lu'uBleu de Faransa“. An saci kambin a shekara ta 1792. An haƙa shi a Indiya. The Diamond Diamond yana da suna ta zama la'anannen lu'u-lu'u, tunda wasu daga cikin masu mallakarsa sun san ƙarshen wahala, har ma da ban tsoro. A yau yana daga cikin abubuwan da ake nunawa a cikin National Museum of Natural History a Washington, DC, Amurka.
Fatan farashin Diamond a cikin tarihi | Fatan Diamond la'ana | Fata Diamond daraja

An rarraba shi azaman lu'u-lu'u Nau'in IIb.

An kwatanta lu'u-lu'u a cikin girma da siffa zuwa ƙwar tantabara, gyada, wacce take "mai siffar pear." Girman gwargwadon tsayi, fadi, da zurfi sune 25.60 mm × 21.78 mm × 12.00 mm (1 a cikin × 7/8 a cikin × 15/32 a).

An bayyana shi da kasancewa mai duhun launuka masu launin toka-shuɗi mai raɗaɗi kazalika kasancewarta "launin shuɗi mai duhu" ko kuma tana da launi "steely-blue".

Dutse yana nuna nau'ikan haske mai tsananin haske da haske mai tsananin haske: bayan an fallasa shi zuwa gajeren haske mai haske, lu'u lu'u-lu'u yana samar da jan foshorescence mai haske wanda yake ci gaba har zuwa wani lokaci bayan hasken ya kasance a kashe, kuma wannan baƙon ingancin na iya taimakawa. fuelarfafa mutuncin ta da la'ana.

Mahimmancin shine VS1.

Yanke kayan gargajiyar matashi ne mai haske tare da ɗamara mai facet da ƙarin fuskoki a kan rumfar.

Tarihi

Lokacin Faransa

Luwayin ya dawo Faransa ne ta hanyar matafiyi Jean-Baptiste Tavernier, wanda ya siyar da shi ga Sarki Louis XIV. Labarin lu'u lu'u-lu'u, wanda aka sake dawo dashi akai-akai, yana da cewa an saci dutsen daga gunkin allahiya Sitâ. Amma Francois Farges na Muséum national d'histoire naturelle a Paris ya samo labarin daban daban a shekara ta 2007: Tavernier ne ya sayi lu'ulu'un, a babbar kasuwar lu'u-lu'u a Golconde, lokacin da ya tafi Indiya ƙarƙashin mulkin Mughal. Masu bincike daga Gidan Tarihi na Tarihi na Halitta sun kuma gano wurin da ake hakar ma'adinan inda ake jin lu'ulu'u ya samo asali kuma wanda yake a arewacin Andhra Pradesh na yanzu. Jumla ta biyu akan asalin lu'ulu'u har ma an tabbatar dashi ta hanyar kundin tarihin Mughal na Hyderabad. Yawancin jita-jita suna so a la'anci lu'u lu'u tare da kashe waɗanda suka mallake ta: Tavernier zai gama da dabbobin daji, bayan da aka lalata shi, alhali kuwa a zahiri ya mutu da tsufa a Moscow, yana da shekaru 84. Louis XIV ya yanka lu'ulu'u, wanda ya tashi daga 112.5 zuwa 67.5 carats, kuma ya kira lu'ulu'u da aka samo "Violet de France" (a Turanci: Faransanci Shuɗi, saboda haka nakasar sunan na yanzu).

A watan Satumba na 1792, an saci lu'ulu'u daga ma'ajiyar kayan ɗaki na ƙasa yayin satar kayan adon Faransa. Lu'ulu'un da barayinsa sun bar Faransa zuwa Ingila. An sake dutsen a can don a sami saukin sayarwa kuma an rasa alamunsa har zuwa 1812, daidai shekaru ashirin da kwana biyu bayan sata, isasshen lokacin da za'a tsara shi.

Lokacin Biritaniya

Wajen 1824, dutsen, wanda ɗan kasuwa kuma mai karɓar Daniel Eliason ya riga ya yanke shi, an siyar da shi ga Thomas Hope, ma'aikacin banki a Landan, memba ne na wani layin da ya mallaki bankin Hope & Co, kuma ya mutu a 1831. La dutse shine batun inshorar rai wanda ɗan'uwansa ya rubuta, shi kansa mai tara abubuwa masu daraja, Henry Philip Hope, kuma gwauruwa Thomas, Louisa de la Poer Beresford ke ɗauke da ita. Kasancewa a hannun Fata, lu'u-lu'u yanzu ya ɗauki sunayensu kuma ya bayyana a cikin kundin Henry Philip bayan mutuwarsa (ba tare da zuriya ba) a 1839.

Babban ɗan Thomas Hope, Henry Thomas Hope (1807-1862), ya gaji shi: an baje dutsen a Landan a cikin 1851 lokacin Babban Baje kolin, sannan a Paris, yayin baje kolin na 1855. A 1861, 'yarsa da aka karɓa Henrietta, magaji ne kawai , ta auri wani Henry Pelham-Clinton (1834-1879) wanda ya riga ya zama mahaifin yaro: amma Henrietta tana tsoron cewa dan uwanta zai bata dukiyar gidan, don haka sai ta kirkiro “amintacce” kuma ta tura dutsen ga jikan nasa, Henry Francis Fata Pelham-Clinton (1866-1941). Ya gaji shi a cikin 1887 a cikin hanyar inshorar rayuwa; ta haka ne zai iya raba kansa da dutse kawai tare da izinin kotu da kwamitin amintattu. Henry Francis yana rayuwa fiye da yadda yake iyawa kuma hakan yana haifar da fatarar iyalinsa a cikin shekarar 1897. Matarsa, 'yar fim May Yohé (a), tana biya musu bukatunsu ita kaɗai. A lokacin da kotu ta wanke ta ta sayar da dutsen don taimakawa wajen biyan bashin da ke kanta, a cikin 1901, Mayu ta tafi tare da wani mutum zuwa Amurka. Henry Francis Hope Pelham-Clinton ya siyar da dutsen a shekara ta 1902 ga adon London Adolphe Weil, wanda ya siyar da shi ga dillalin Ba'amurke mai suna Simon Frankel kan $ 250,000.

Lokacin Amurka

Wadanda suka biyo baya na bege a karni na ashirin sune Pierre Cartier, dan shahararren mai sana'ar nan mai suna Alfred Cartier (daga 1910 zuwa 1911) wanda ya siyar da shi kan dala 300,000 ga Evalyn Walsh McLean. An mallake ta daga 1911 har zuwa mutuwarsa a 1947, sannan ta wuce zuwa Harry Winston a 1949, wanda ya ba da ita ga Smithsonian Cibiyar a Washington a cikin 1958. Don yin jigilar dutsen a matsayin mai hankali da aminci kamar yadda zai yiwu, Winston ya aika zuwa ga Smithsonian ta akwatin gidan waya, a cikin ƙaramin kunshin da aka nannade cikin takardar kraft. Kasancewar ya kasance mafi girman shudi lu'u-lu'u da aka gano har zuwa yau, har yanzu ana iya ganin lu'u-lu'u a cikin shahararren ma'aikatar, inda yake amfanuwa da shi daga ɗakin da aka tanada: shi ne abu na biyu da aka fi sha'awa a duniya (baƙi miliyan shida na shekara-shekara) bayan Mona Lisa a Louvre (baƙi miliyan-shekara miliyan takwas).

FAQ

Shin La'anannen Fata ne?

The lu'u-lu'u ya kasance tare da dangin masarautar Faransa har zuwa lokacin da aka sata a cikin 1792 yayin juyin juya halin Faransa. Louis XIV da Marie Antoinette, waɗanda aka fille wa kai, galibi ana ambaton su a matsayin waɗanda ke cikin waɗanda la'ana. The Fata mai daraja shine mafi shahara la'anar lu'u-lu'u a cikin duniya, amma ɗayan da yawa ne kawai.

Wanene a halin yanzu ya mallaki Hope Diamond?

Smithungiyar Smithsonian da jama'ar Amurka. Smithsonian Institution, wanda aka fi sani da suna Smithsonian, ƙungiya ce ta gidajen tarihi da cibiyoyin bincike waɗanda gwamnatin Amurka ke gudanarwa.

Shin Diamond Bege a kan Titanic?

Zuciyar Tekun a cikin fim ɗin Titanic ba ainihin kayan adon gaske bane, amma ya shahara sosai duk da haka. Kayan adon duk da haka ya dogara ne da ainihin lu'ulu'u, .45.52aukacin Fata mai XNUMXauka na XNUMX.

Shin Diamond Diamond shine saffir?

Lu'ulu'u na bege ba saffir bane amma babban lu'u lu'u lu'u.

Shin alamar Diamond ɗin da ake nunawa da gaske ce?

Ee haka ne. Gaskiyar Diamond na hakika yana daga cikin tarin kayan gidan adana kayan tarihi kuma ana iya ganinsa a National Museum of Natural History a Washington, DC, Amurka. A cikin Harry Winston Gallery, an sa masa suna don kayan ado na New York wanda ya ba da lu'u lu'u ga gidan kayan gargajiya.

Menene darajar lu'u-lu'u na fata a yau?

The Blue Hope Diamond shine kyakkyawan shuɗi mai shuɗi tare da tarihi mai ban sha'awa. A zamanin yau, wannan lu'ulu'u yana da nauyin carat 45,52 kuma yana da daraja dala miliyan 250.

kwananMaidarajar
Fatan farashin lu'u-lu'u a cikin 1653Jean-Baptiste Tavernier450000 littattafai
Fatan farashin lu'u-lu'u a cikin 1901Adolph Weil, ɗan kasuwar lu'u-lu'u na London$ 148,000
Fatan farashin lu'u-lu'u a cikin 1911Edward Beale McLean da Evalyn Walsh McLean$ 180,000
Fatan farashin lu'u-lu'u a cikin 1958Smithsonian Museum$ 200- $ 250 miliyan

Shin wani ya yi ƙoƙarin satar Diamond Diamond?

A ranar 11 ga Satumba, 1792, an saci Hope Diamond daga gidan da ke adana kayan adon. Lu'ulu'un da barayinsa sun bar Faransa zuwa Ingila. An sake dutsen a can don a siyar da shi cikin sauki kuma an rasa alamunsa har zuwa 1812

Shin akwai tagwaye ga Diamond Diamond?

Yiwuwar cewa Lu'u-lu'u na Brunswick da Pirie na iya zama 'yar'uwar' yar uwa ga begen ya kasance ɗan ɗan ra'ayi ne amma ba gaskiya bane.

Me yasa lu'ulu'u na bege yake da tsada sosai?

Launin shudi na musamman na lu'ulu'u na bege shine babban dalilin da yasa mafi yawan mutane suka yarda cewa bashi da tsada. Gaskiya lu'u lu'u-lu'u marasa launi, a zahiri, suna da wuya sosai kuma suna hutawa a ƙarshen ƙarshen launin launuka. A ɗaya ƙarshen wancan lu'ulu'u ne mai launin rawaya.

Shin Diamond ɗin Fata shine babban lu'ulu'u a duniya?

Ita ce mafi girman shuɗin lu'u lu'u a duniya. Amma Diamond Jubilee Diamond, a 545.67 carat brown diamond, shine mafi girman yanke da faceted lu'u lu'u a duniya.

1 Hannun jari
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