Shin ma'adanai na gemstones?

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Shin ma'adanai na gemstones?

Wani ma'adinai ne mai yaduwar yanayi, wanda ya saba da nau'i na cristaline kuma ba samuwa ta hanyar rayuwa ba. Wani ma'adinai yana da ƙwayar magunguna guda ɗaya, yayin da dutse zai iya zama nau'i na ma'adanai daban-daban. Kimiyya na ma'adanai shine mineralogy.

Mafi yawan gemstones ne ma'adanai

Ma'adanai suna da nau'o'in kayan jiki daban-daban. Sakamakonsu yana da mahimmanci akan tsarin sunadarai da abun da ke ciki. Hanyoyi masu rarraba na al'ada sun haɗa da tsari da al'ada, da wuya, luster, diaphaneity, launi, lalacewa, tsauraran zuciya, janyewa, raguwa, raguwa, ƙananan nauyi, magnetism, dandano ko ƙanshi, rediyo, da kuma amsa ga acid.

Misalin ma'adanai na ma'adinai: Quartz, lu'u-lu'u, corrundum, beryl, ...

Roba gemstones

Yana da mahimmanci a rarrabe tsakanin gemstones, da kuma kwaikwayo ko kwaikwayo na dutse.

Gems masu duwatsu suna da jiki, kamar yadda ya dace da dutse na halitta, amma an yi a cikin Factory. A cikin kasuwancin kasuwanci, masu sayarwa mai mahimmanci suna amfani da sunan "Lab da aka halitta". Ya sa dutse mai suturwa ya fi karfin "fiye da" ma'aikata ".

Misali na Gemstones: Rubutun kayan ado, lu'u-lu'u na roba, ma'adini na roba, ...

Artificial gemstones

Misalan duwatsu masu wucin gadi sun hada da sukarin zirconia, wanda ya hada da zirconium oxide da simintin moissanite, wadanda duka su ne simulants. Kayan kwaikwayo na kwafi kallon da launi na dutse na ainihi amma basu da halayensu ko halayen jiki. Moissanite yana da halayen da ya fi kyau fiye da lu'u-lu'u kuma a lokacin da aka gabatar a kusa da ƙananan maɗaukaki kuma yanke lu'u-lu'u zai sami "wuta" fiye da lu'u lu'u.

Rocks

Rock wani abu ne na halitta, ƙaddaraccen abu ɗaya ko fiye da ma'adanai ko mineraloids. Alal misali, Lapis lazuli wani dutse ne mai zurfi mai launin shudi. Tsarinta ya zama dutse mai daraja. Mafi mahimmin ma'adinai na lapis lazuli shine lazurite (25% zuwa 40%), mineral silicate na feldspathoid.

Giraguwa masu kyau

Akwai abubuwa da yawa wadanda aka yi amfani dasu kamar duwatsu masu daraja, ciki har da:
Amber, Ammolite, Bone, Copal, Coral, Ivory, Jet, Nacre, Operculum, Pearl, Petoskey dutse

Mineraloids

Wani mineraloid abu ne mai ma'adinai wanda ba ya nuna cristallinity. Mineraloids na da nauyin hade da sunadaran sunadaran da suka bambanta fiye da jinsunan da aka yarda da su don wasu ma'adanai. Alal misali, kallon ido shine gilashin amorphous kuma ba crystal. Jet yana samuwa ne daga itace mai lalata a karkashin matsanancin matsin lamba. Opal wani mineraloid ne saboda yanayin da ba shi da kristal.

Manraloids na mutum

Gilashin mutum, filastik, ...

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