Shin ma'adanai na gemstones?

Shin ma'adanai na gemstones?

Wani ma'adinai ne mai yaduwar yanayi, wanda ya saba da nau'i na cristaline kuma ba samuwa ta hanyar rayuwa ba. Wani ma'adinai yana da ƙwayar magunguna guda ɗaya, yayin da dutse zai iya zama nau'i na ma'adanai daban-daban. Kimiyya na ma'adanai shine mineralogy.

Yawancin duwatsu masu daraja gwal sune ma'adanai

Ma'adanai suna da kaddarorin jiki daban-daban. Bayaninsu ya lalace akan tsarin sunadarai da abubuwan da suka samu. Halaye masu rarrabewa na yau da kullun sun haɗa da tsarin kirki da al'ada, har ila yau, tauri, haske, diaphaneity, launi, launi, ƙarfi, rarrabewa, karaya, rabuwa, takamaiman nauyi, maganadiso, ɗanɗano ko ƙamshi, aikin rediyo, da kuma amsawa ga acid.

Misalin ma'adanai na ma'adinai: Quartz, lu'u-lu'u, corrundum, beryl, ...

Roba gemstones

Yana da mahimmanci a rarrabe tsakanin gemstones, da kuma kwaikwayo ko kwaikwayo na dutse.

Lu'u-lu'u na roba suna kama da dutsen, amma an yi su ne a cikin Masana'antu. A cikin masana'antar kasuwanci, dillalan duwatsu masu daraja sukan yi amfani da sunan “Lab da aka ƙirƙira”. Yana sa dutse mai roba ya zama mai kasuwa fiye da "masana'antar da aka ƙera".

Misali na Gemstones: Rubutun kayan ado, lu'u-lu'u na roba, ma'adini na roba, ...

Duwatsu masu daraja na wucin gadi

Misalan duwatsu masu wucin gadi sun haɗa da zirconia mai siffar sukari, wanda ya ƙunshi zirconium oxide da simintin moissanite, waɗanda duka kayan kwalliyar gemstones ne. Kwaikwayo suna kwaikwayon sura da launi na ainihin dutse amma ba su mallaki sinadarai ko halaye na zahiri ba. A zahiri Moissanite yana da mafi ƙarancin nuni fiye da lu'u lu'u kuma idan aka gabatar dashi kusa da sized kuma yanke lu'u lu'u zai sami "wuta" fiye da lu'u lu'u lu'u.

Rocks

Rock wani abu ne na halitta, ƙaddaraccen abu ɗaya ko fiye da ma'adanai ko mineraloids. Alal misali, Lapis lazuli wani dutse ne mai zurfi mai launin shudi. Tsarinta ya zama dutse mai daraja. Mafi mahimmin ma'adinai na lapis lazuli shine lazurite (25% zuwa 40%), mineral silicate na feldspathoid.

Giraguwa masu kyau

Akwai abubuwa da yawa wadanda aka yi amfani dasu kamar duwatsu masu daraja, ciki har da:
Amber, Ammolite, Bone, Copal, Coral, Ivory, Jet, Nacre, Operculum, Pearl, Petoskey dutse

Mineraloids

Wani mineraloid abu ne mai ma'adinai wanda ba ya nuna cristallinity. Mineraloids na da nauyin hade da sunadaran sunadaran da suka bambanta fiye da jinsunan da aka yarda da su don wasu ma'adanai. Alal misali, kallon ido shine gilashin amorphous kuma ba crystal. Jet yana samuwa ne daga itace mai lalata a karkashin matsanancin matsin lamba. Opal wani mineraloid ne saboda yanayin da ba shi da kristal.

Manraloids na mutum

Gilashin mutum, filastik, ...

kuskure: Content ana kiyaye !!