Coral

murjani

Gemstone Info

tags

Bayanin Gemstone

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Coral kayan ado

Murjani da launuka da yawa suna ba shi roko don ƙyalli da sauran kayan ado. Murjani mai launin ja yana ɗaukar daraja kamar dutse mai daraja. Wani lokaci ana kiran murjani na wuta, ba daidai yake da murjani na wuta ba. Jan murjani yana da matukar wuya saboda yawan shan iska. Gabaɗaya, ba shi da mahimmanci a bayar da murjani a matsayin kyauta tunda suna kan ragewa daga matsawa kamar canjin yanayi, gurɓataccen iska, da kamun kifi da ba a iya jurewa ba.

A koyaushe ana ɗaukar ma'adinai mai daraja, Sinawa sun daɗe suna da murjani mai launin ja tare da haɗuwa da tsawon rai saboda launinta da kamarta ga barewa, don haka ta hanyar haɗin gwiwa, kyawawan halaye, tsawon rayuwa, da babban matsayi. Ya kai matsayin girman shahararsa a zamanin daular Manchu ko Qing (1644-1911) lokacin da aka keɓe shi kawai don amfani da sarkin ko dai ta hanyar murfin murjani don kayan ado na kotu ko kuma a matsayin bishiyoyin ma'adinai na ƙananan kayan ado. An san shi da shanhu a Sinanci. Babban hanyar murjani na zamani wanda ya ke a Tekun Bahar Rum zuwa Qing China ta kamfanin Ingilishi Gabashin Indiya. Akwai tsauraran dokoki game da amfani da shi a cikin lambar da Sarkin Qianlong ya kafa a 1759.

Menene Murjani?

Murjani na cikin ruwa na cikin ruwa tsakanin aji Anthozoa na phylum Cnidaria. Yawanci suna rayuwa a cikin yankuna yankuna masu daidaitattun polyps daban-daban. Speciesabiyoyin murjani sun ƙunshi mahimmancin magabatan ruwa waɗanda ke zaune tekun na wurare masu zafi kuma suna ɓoye baƙin ƙarfe da keɓaɓɓu don samar da kwarangwal mai wuya.

Coungiyar murjani yanki ne na tarin ƙwayoyin halittar asali iri ɗaya. Kowane polyp dabba ce mai kama da jakar dabbobi yawanci kawai 'yan millimita a diamita da centan santimita a tsayi. Setayan tanti yana kewaye da buɗe bakin bakin ciki. An cire wani exoskeleton kusa da ginin. A tsawon tsararraki da yawa, haka nan ne masarautar ke haifar da babban sifofi irin na jinsin. Kowane ɗayan shugabanni yana haɓaka ta hanyar haihuwar haihuwar polyps. Hakanan yana haifar da jima'i ta hanyar fashewa: polyps na nau'ikan nau'ikan suna saki gametes lokaci guda a tsawon lokaci daya zuwa dare da yawa a kusa da cikakken wata.

Kodayake wasu murjani suna da ikon kama ƙananan kifaye da plankton ta amfani da toshe sel akan shinge, yawancin duwatsun suna samun mafi yawan makamashi da abubuwan gina jiki daga dinoflagellates photosynthetic unicellular dinoflagellates a cikin halittar Symbiodinium da ke rayuwa a cikin kyallen su. Wadannan sune yawanci ana kiran su da zooxanthellae. Irin wannan yana buƙatar hasken rana da girma cikin bayyananniyar ruwa mara zurfi, yawanci a zurfin ƙasa da mita 60. Murjani shine babban mai ba da gudummawa ga tsarin halitta na murjani na ruwa wanda ke haɓakawa a cikin ruwa mai zafi da ƙasa, kamar Great Barrier Reef a bakin tekun Queensland, Ostiraliya.

Medicine

A magani, ƙwayoyin cuta daga ciki ana iya amfani da su don magance cutar kansa, cutar kanjamau, jin zafi, da sauran amfani da warkewa. Coral skeletons, misali Isididae ana amfani da su wajan haƙo ƙashi a cikin mutane. Coral Calx, wanda aka fi sani da Praval Bhasma a Sanskrit, ana amfani dashi sosai a tsarin gargajiya na maganin Indiya a matsayin ƙari a cikin lura da ire-iren cututtukan metabolism na kasusuwa da ke tattare da rashi alli. A cikin lokatai na gargajiya wanda aka tilasta shi, wanda ya qunshi mafi yawan raunin kazarin kazami, an bada shawarar yin amfani da cututtukan ciki ta Galen da Dioscorides.

Murjani daga Tunusiya

Sayi murjani na halitta a cikin shagonmu

Muna yin kayan ado na al'ada tare da murjani azaman zobe, 'yan kunne ingarma, munduwa, abun wuya ko abun wuya.

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